Level Three Carnivores - These carnivores eat other herbivores and other carnivores. Some of these animals are also prey to other top predators in the WNC area.
Bobcat- Lynx rufus

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Environment: wooded areas, semi-desert, forest edges, and swampland.

Diet: The bobcat prefers mammals between 1.5 to 12.5 pounds. It will attack rabbits, small mammals, and even deer and small dogs and house cats. The Bobcat will also eat berries and fruit commonly found in its habitat.

Cougar- Puma concolor

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Environment: all forest types and lowland and mountainous deserts. They prefer regions with dense underbrush.

Diet: The cougar will eat anything from insects to large animals weighing around 1100 lbs. In North America, its most important prey are deer, elk, and even large moose. When the season is right, the cougar will enjoy blackberries, blueberries, and fruit found in its habitat.

Red Fox- Vulpe vulpes

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Environment: The Red Fox is found in almost every single habitat in the northern hemisphere.

Diet: The Red Fox will eat anything from insects to small mammals and birds. It will also eat blackberries, apples, and a variety of other fruits found in their habitat.

The Cougar and the Gray Wolf are the Red Fox’s most natural threat, however, humans often kill the Red Fox for its fur.

Interesting facts:
  • Each fox claims its own territory, but in the winter, they will pair up.

  • They breed from December to January

  • In the United Kingdom, traditional fox hunting was made popular and eventually became a common sport
  • In June 2010, an urban fox was said to have entered a family home and attacked twin baby girls
  • Red Foxes are considered to be the biggest predator of the free range livestock

Gray Wolf- Canis lupusexternal image gray-wolf.jpgexternal image gray_wolf_r_map.jpg

Environment: forests, rocky environment, and boreal areas. They once roamed the all over America, however, in the 1930s they were mostly killed off and now roam Canada as well as
Alaska, Idaho, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

Diet: The Gray Wolf will eat hares, foxes, squirrels, rodents, and a variety of other mammals. They also will eat berries found in their particular environment. They usually can eat anything up to 10-15 larger than themselves.

Coyote- Canis latrans

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Environment: is found throughout North America.

Diet: The Coyote will eat squirrels, rodents, prairie dogs, snakes, lizards, large insects, berries, and fruit.

Black Bear (Ursus Americanus)
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  • 85% of a black bears diet consists of vegetation
  • Black bears will eat squirrels, honey, mules, white tailed dear, and salmon to name a few.
  • Black bear lives in forested areas
  • Live in dry upland and hard wood forests

Golden Eagle (Aquila Chrysaetos)
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  • The golden eagle eats rabbits, squirrels, mice, prairie dogs, small foxes, and small birds
  • Found Throughout the United States except extremely southern regions like Florida, Louisiana and Texas

The Golden Eagle is on the endangered species list. The golden eagle is protected by the International Migratory Bird Treaty Act and the Golden Eagle Protection Act. The Golden eagle has no enemies, so its greatest threat is from humans. Electrocution, flying into cars, poisoning, illegal shooting, and urban development are the greatest threats to the golden eagle. During the 1950’s it is estimated that farmers killed 20,000 golden eagles. Farmers were scared that the eagles would harm their herds of sheep and other small farm animals. This lead to the golden eagle being protected by the government. In the last 50 years the population of golden eagles on the east coast has declined significantly. There is only documented pair of golden eagles in the state of New York, and a new nest has not been build in New York since 1992. The golden eagles habitat is slowly being destroyed and this is causing them to move west. Also the eagles food supply is being threatened in the east, which is just another reason they are moving west and are on the endangered species list.

Red Tailed Hawk (Buteo Jamaicensis)
  • The red tailed hawk eats small birds, snakes, bats, fish, and insects
  • Found from Northern Canada to Panama

Great Horned Owl (Bubo Virginianus)
  • Hunt for food at night time
  • The great horned owl eats mice, moles, squirrels, small raccoons, bats, and small birds
  • Found throughout much of the United States
  • Live in dry upland and hard wood forests

Screech Owl (Strigdia)
  • The screech owl eats small rodents like voles and mice
  • Found from Southern Canada to Northern Mexico
  • Live in mixed woodlands, deciduous forests, and wetlands3